As an essential component of social capital, culture incorporates a set of socially prescribed behaviors (e.g., social norms and values, habits, etc.) and social cognition for 64 casinos people to interact with one another. In various societies, although the cultures are not identical, they are determined by a number of factors that have resulted from their respective paths of evolution.
For example, geographical location, language, and administrative structure traditionally adopted by different Asian societies may have had substantial impacts on cultural traits. Among these factors, religion is probably the most influential. According to Philip Wilkinson (2008, 14), “virtually every culture that we know of has some kind of religion.”
In societies, “religions provide a sense of moral purpose…. Religion often occupies the centre of the world stage in politics, diplomacy, and even war…. Despite the changing nature of our times, religion is still at the heart of our lives” (10). Indeed, this social capital stock shapes beliefs about and the desire for casino gambling. In East and South Asia, the demand behavior for gambling is deeply linked to the region’s unique cultures and religions (e.g., Buddhism and its factions, and Hinduism).
In addition to the commonly known Chinese culture of gambling (see, e.g., Nepstad 2000; Chien and Hsu 2006), it has also been recorded that“Indian culture adopted gambling from the beginning of Indian civilization, which started 4000 years ago” (Progress Publishing Co. 2006). Consequently, socially prescribed behavior for gambling allows or even promotes the desire for casino gambling. In contrast to Western culture and religion, superstition is the primary explanation for the cognitive preference (and illusion of control) of the Chinese for games carried out by humans instead of machines.
This explains the phenomenon in which traditional Chinese patrons and a large proportion of patrons from East Asia are more inclined to choose table games rather than slot machines. In contrast to East and South Asia, gambling is widely perceived as socially unacceptable behavior in the Muslim world and hence is prohibited (Binde 2005, 5; Wilkinson 2008, 137). Given that there is no endowment of related social capital, casino gambling is obviously not a choice for religious Muslims.